The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) first published this paper, based on unique NCMD data, which looks at how child mortality changed over the duration of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Previous research including work from the NCMD has shown that child mortality in England fell during the first year of the Covid-19 pandemic, and in fact may have been at the lowest level ever recorded. But how did this trend change as we progressed into the second year of the pandemic? A new paper published in JAMA reveals the answer.

The new study shows that, following a significant reduction in child deaths during the first year of the pandemic (2020-21), mortality returned to close to pre-pandemic levels in the following year (2021-22). However, fewer children died overall in the full three-year period, with a net reduction of 4% in child mortality. The greatest reductions in deaths were among children under 10 years of age, and those living in rural areas.