New studies published: real time child mortality surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic

New studies published: real time child mortality surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic

Deaths in Children and Young People in England following SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year: a national study using NCMD data linked with NHS records

NCMD data contributed to the most comprehensive analyses of public health data assessing the risk of severe illness and death from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, in children and young people.

The studies led by researchers at the University of Bristol, University College London, University of York and the University of Liverpool found that this risk is extremely low, however catching Covid-19 increases the likelihood of serious illness in the most vulnerable young people, those with pre-existing medical conditions and severe disabilities, although these risks remain low overall.

The researchers used NCMD data to identify all children and young people who died following SARS-CoV-2 infection until the end of February 2021. 3105 children and young people (CYP) died from all causes during the first pandemic year in England. 61 of these deaths occurred in CYP who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. 25 CYP died of SARS-CoV-2 infection; 22 from acute infection and three from PIMS-TS. 99·995% of CYP with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test survived. The 25 CYP who died of SARS-CoV-2 equates to a mortality rate of 2/million for the 12,023,568 CYP living in England. CYP >10 years, of Asian and Black ethnic backgrounds, and with comorbidities were over-represented compared to other children.

The preliminary findings, published in three new pre-print studies, will be submitted to the UK’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI), the Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), to inform vaccine and shielding policy for the under-18s. The studies did not look at the impact of long Covid.

This works demonstrates the value of real time child mortality surveillance, collaboration and NHS data linkage.

You can read the preprint papers that use NCMD data in full here:

Child Mortality in England During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Child Suicide Rates During the COVID-19 pandemic in England

Risk factors for intensive care admission and death amongst children and young people admitted to hospital with COVID-19 and PIMS-TS in England during the first pandemic year

Deaths in Children and Young People in England following SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year: a national study using linked mandatory child death reporting data

Which children and young people are at higher risk of severe disease and death after SARS-CoV-2 infection: a systematic review and individual patient meta-analysis

Lead author Dr Clare Smith (Research Fellow with the NCMD Programme) said: “We found that only 40% of children and young people who had a positive Covid-19 test at the time of death actually died from Covid-19, emphasising that the risks are lower than simple numbers might suggest. Children and young people with complex neurodisability were at the highest risk of death.”

Senior author on the studies, Professor Russell Viner (UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health), said: “These new studies show that the risks of severe illness or death from SARS-CoV-2 are extremely low in children and young people.

“Those young people at higher risk are those who are also at higher risk from any winter virus or other illness – that is, young people with multiple health conditions and complex disabilities. Covid-19 does however increase the risks for people in these groups to a higher degree than for illnesses such as influenza (seasonal flu).

“Our new findings are important as they will inform shielding guidance for young people as well as decisions about the vaccination of teenagers and children, not just in the UK but internationally.”

 

 

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When a child dies: supporting parents and families

When a child dies: supporting parents and families

This event, organised by Child Bereavement UK will be running on the following dates:

23 September 2021: 14.00 – 17.00
19 October 2021: 9.00 – 12.00
17 November 2021: 14.00 – 17.00
14 December 2021: 9.00 – 12.00

This 3 hour interactive online workshop, will explore the impact of the death of a child on a family and build confidence and skills in communicating with and supporting families bereaved of a child. To find out more or to book a place click here.

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Best practice webinar: the role of the key worker

Best practice webinar: the role of the key worker

Webinar: Tuesday 9th November 2021, 10:30-11:30am

Join our free webinar for Child Death Review professionals on the role of the key worker.

This role in the CDR process was established in the Child Death Review Statutory & Operational Guidance in 2018. Since then, NCMD has received many queries asking for further information about this role and different models of working. For this webinar, we are very lucky to have two members of the team from Forget-me-Not Children’s Hospice who are involved in providing the SUDIC key worker role to families in their area. Lis Meates and Callie Harrop will talk about how they have implemented the role, the challenges they faced, the response from families and how the service is funded.

How to attend

Please note that you will need to register in advance for this webinar. All NCMD-hosted online events and webinars are free to attend. Child Death Review professionals need to be invited to join our CDR webinars (you will need a valid NHS email address or similar identification). If you haven’t received an invitation but would like to attend, please email us.

 

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Dissemination event: Suicide in Children and Young People Thematic Report 2021

Dissemination event: Suicide in Children and Young People Thematic Report 2021

Thursday 21st October 2021, 1:00 – 1:30pm (online)

We invite you to join a short online event to launch the Suicide in Children and Young People Thematic Report 2021, which is currently projected to be published on ​14th October 2021 (although this date may be subject to change).

Hosted by NCMD’s Programme Lead, Professor Karen Luyt, this event will share key findings from the report, which includes analysis of deaths that were assessed as highly likely or moderately likely to be due to suicide where the child or young person died between 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2020, and an analysis of deaths categorised as suicide by a CDOP, that were reviewed within the same dates. The report aims to identify the common characteristics of children and young people who die by suicide, investigate factors associated with these deaths, and identify common themes to help inform policymakers, commissioners, those providing services to children and young people, and those involved in reviewing deaths of children and young people. It also aims to contribute to the existing evidence base in this area to inform ongoing and future research into the mental health of children and young people. As this is intended to be a short dissemination event, there will not be a question & answer session at the launch.

To receive an update when the report is available, sign up to our mailing list.

How to attend

Please note that you will need to register in advance for this event. It is quick and easy to do; simply use this link. After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar; please ensure that you add this to your calendar when prompted to do so by zoom.

More events
More information – on this and other webinars and online events from NCMD – can be found here.

 

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How to complete an effective reporting form

How to complete an effective reporting form

Webinar: Tuesday 21st September 2021, 10:30-11:30am

Join our free webinar for Child Death Review professionals on ​how to complete an effective reporting ​form. ​This webinar will include a presentation from NCMD Programme Manager, Vicky Sleap and is aimed at CDOP managers, administrators, designated doctors and other Child Death Review professionals. ​It will include the purpose of the reporting form, types of reporting forms, what to include and what happens to the information you provide. This is a rearrangement of the webinar that was originally scheduled in the Spring and had to be cancelled due to illness. If you were booked onto the cancelled webinar, you will need to register again for this one. 

How to attend

Please note that you will need to register in advance for this webinar. All NCMD-hosted online events and webinars are free to attend. Child Death Review professionals need to be invited to join our CDR webinars (you will need a valid NHS email address or similar identification). If you haven’t received an invitation, but would like to attend, please email us.

 

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