Please note this is no longer our most recent data release. You can find a list of all our data releases in our Publications section.

The National Child Mortality Database (NCMD) was notified of 3,470 child deaths in England between April 2021 and March 2022, 396 more than the previous year. In the same period, 2,724 child deaths – which might have occurred during the period or before – were reviewed in detail by child death overview panels.

Number of child death notifications received by Child Death Overview Panels by month of death

Number of infant death notifications received by Child Death Overview Panels by gestational age at birth (weeks)

Number of reviews completed by Child Death Overview Panels by primary category of death and whether modifiable factors were identified, year ending 31 March 2022

Number of child death reviews completed by Child Death Overview Panels in England and the proportion of cases with modifiable factors identified, by year of review

The data was collected as part of the child death review process, which applies to all children under the age of 18 and is mandatory in England. Child death overview panels have a statutory obligation to collect information from every agency that has had contact with the child and to share this with the NCMD, with the ultimate goal of understanding why children die and making changes to improve and save lives in the future.

Child death overview panels notify the NCMD of each child death within 48 hours, and provide basic information about the child’s characteristics and suspected cause of death. As the death is reviewed, this basic information is developed into a comprehensive record of the circumstances of the child’s death with input from all professionals who had contact with the child.

The data gives broad insights into when and where these deaths occurred; the characteristics of the children who died, including sex and age group; and where modifiable factors were identified. It also sets these statistics against those seen in previous years.

The data will be analysed in greater detail, and with more specific focus, in our series of thematic reports, which aim to pull out key findings and recommendations. This data release gives readers the opportunity to explore the data freely – though we recommend reading the data tables alongside the commentary report for context.

Note: The NCMD’s annual data release was previously known as the LSCB1 return